Vocalist and performer Laurie Amat of San Francisco performed at The Super Coda at Vaudeville Park on April 5, 2012. The show was constructed so that Ms. Amat, along with a standard solo set, improvised with 5 different performers whom she had no previous knowledge of until directly before show.
The performance is described below in degrees.
Degree 1 “The Spark” : Laurie performs Bernd Klug with Prehistoric Horse
This is a quartet. Cello (Valerie Kuehne), guitar (Lucio Menegon), snare drum (David Grollman), and Laurie on vocals. She is jolly. Dressed in black, petite, with close-cropped hair she organizes the stage to her liking. Drums here, no, there, and performers enclosing here. It is the quintessential fire build. The sticks laid, not to many attendees yet but that will change as the fire grows. The show begins with a vocal pieces, somewhat randomly dedicated to the next performer Bernd Klug (an ideal name no doubt for Laurie’s often nonsensical phrasing) and is quickly developed into the in-depth story of THE BERND KLUG. After a few minutes of soft, warming experimentation’s on guitar, drum, and cello, Grollman strikes the match of BERND KLUG. First Bernd is a superhero with a beautiful cape-the flame jumps-now he is a demon, now a battleship steaming against the ecstatic fusion of guitar and cello. Laurie in the center vocally counterpoints Grollman’s tale. Most of her vocals sound like operatic exercises. Her words, though often simply gibberish, are gripping and always slightly on the edge of breaking from beauty to destruction. Now the fire is caught. Bernd Klug is coming, he’s going, he’s hurling fireballs, he’s sinking us all. BERND KLUG is HERE.
Adam Rudolph – Go Organic Orchestra
Unique in the realm of approaches to improvisational conducting, Go: Organic Orchestra utilizes a composed non-linear score consisting of sound and motion elements. These include tone rows, synthetic scales, melodies, linguistic shapes, intervallic patterns, textural gestures, modes, ragas, maqams, and plainchant. The score serves to provide material for both the improvisations and the orchestrations. Motion and forms and are generated through the application of the composer’s rhythm concept “Cyclic Verticalism” whereby polymeters are combined with additive rhythm cycles.
JAMES GODWIN LUNATIC CUNNING
A semi-autobiographical “mockumentary” from a puppetry and performance art pioneer. Lunatic Cunning mixes experiences from Godwin’s own lifeâ€”such as his work with Julie Taymor on Across the Universe and appearances on Saturday Night Live, Chappelle’s Show, PBS and with Jim Henson’s Muppets. It’s a humorous examination of the occult roots of puppetry and performance art.
I T I N E R A N T Performance Art Festival
QMAD, Queens Media Arts Development, presents ITINERANT, a citywide festival for Contemporary Performance Art to be hosted at various venues in the five boroughs of New York City. ITINERANT 2012 focuses on live performative works that treat notions of intimacy, self-reflection, and introspection. ITINERANT 2012 focuses on live performative works that treat notions of intimacy, self-reflection, and introspection. Artists working in Contemporary Performance Art were selected to participate from an open call that attracted more than 175 local, national and international submissions. Forty five artists will be featuring new and existing works that explore the program’s theme over a period of 5 weeks starting on March 30th through May 5th.
Check out Editor Cat Gilbert’s side project, with performance instigator Esther Neff and experimental cello rebel Valerie Kuehne this Feb 10th at Wildlife Loft!
C.O.N.C.H’s acronym becomes Chilled Oily Nicely Corrupt Hearts for an inter-disciplinary examination of Valentine’s Day’s visceral horizon bearing down on all artistic creation.
Equal parts raw harmony and kitsch, the blasphemy of Valentines is, for one night only, wedded to a more vibrant, primal metaphor. For our first show, C.O.N.C.H. presents an all-encompassing wedding for your hungry and/or jaded souls. The bloody psychological implications, the anatomy and symbolism of a heart nicely oiled by cultural expectation, experiential drama, and the dark genealogy of the holiday and its patron saint, all fuse into a show of scars, sounds, and sex on a silver platter Man to man, man to woman, woman to cantaloupe, pigs heart to chair, Klaus Nomi to Angelica Houston. Arrive at the quintessential Bushwick loft prepared to be wed to a person, object, or idea of your choosing. Feel free to dress in any aesthetic of wedding you desire: traditional, zombie, ABBA, church of Satan, Staten Island, the whole shebang. Best dressed = free bottle of champagne.
DARA MALINA/INVERTED HERMIT, MATTHEW SILVER, PENDULUM SWINGS, ADRIENNE ANEMONE AND MORE TBA!
8pm-1am at Wildlife Loft
(245 Varet Street, L to Morgan)
$5-$20 sliding scale donation at the door.
Facebook Invite: http://www.facebook.com/events/231284360290063/
C.O.N.C.H. is a curatorial collective newly formed by Cat Gilbert of The 22 Magazine, Esther Neff of Panoply Performance Laboratory (PPL), and Valerie Kuehne of The Super Coda. We investigate the various distinctions–and lack thereof–defining our respective mediums of curatorial focus: visual art/installation, performance art/experimental theatre, and creative/experimental music.www.concharts.wordpress.com
OPERA ON TAP/Roulette Sisters.
Artist and curator, Charles Wilkin took the time to chat with The 22 about the upcoming collage show All That Remains presented by Ugly Art Room at Picture Farm in Brooklyn. Resourcing from a VAST pool of collage artists, the show is dynamic, bold and most of all, really fun. The show opens Oct 21st, with an reception from 7-9pm at Picture Farm (338 Wythe Ave.)
The 22 Magazine: You happen to be a collage artist yourself, correct? Tell me what it is that first got you hooked on collage and what you love about it?
Charles Wilkin: Yes I’m a collage artist. It’s funny because I sort of fell into collage by accident in college. I was late for a drawing class and forgot to bring my pencils and paper. I ran across the hall with nothing more than a stack of photos I’d just printed from my photo class. Instead of smacking my hand with a ruler for being unprepared my instructor said ” well use those photos”. Clearly she saw something in what I had done that day and encouraged me to make more collages. I guess what I love about collage is it’s immediacy and the happy little accidents that happen along the way. I love not knowing where I’m going until I get there and with collage I can sort of get lost in the moment. I think that’s what I really love about it most, for me it’s very freeing.
Help out New York’s premiere audio-visual techie art camp, IMAGE NODE!
Come for the badass glitchy music and stay because you are hypnotized
by the pretty blinky lights!!!
DJ Line up:
Jon Margulies, Hobotech
Willy Whompa, http://soundcloud.com/willywhompa
VJ Line up:
Housewives’ Guide To Anatomy
VJ Fuzzy Bastard
10pm-5am, $10 before midnight, $15 after
****All proceeds got to camp Image Node in our effort to blinkie out
NATMF: A quirky combination of indie rock songwriting with Gypsy Jazz. Think Tom Waits meets Django Reinhardt – with a full horn section, violin and vocal duets.8:00pm
BS: They play an eclectic mix influenced by New Orleans brass bands, jug music, southern gospel and hot jazz and feel at home at the Village Vanguard or playing on the street. The band features members New Orleans band the Loose Marbles and alumni of Stephane Wrembel’s Hot Club of NY. With Ben Polcer, Trumpet; Patrick Harison, Accordion; Jared Engel, Banjo; David Langlois, Washboard and Peter Ford, Washtub bass.
Game Play 2011 @ THE BRICK.
July 7 – 31, 2011
A Celebration of Video Game Performance Art
Now in its 3rd year, the video game performance festival continues in what Seth Schiesel of the New York Times called “the most ambitious effort I know of to fuse the techniques and live presentation of theater with the themes, structures and technology of interactive electronic entertainment.” See the media of stage and game collide in the most unexpected and surprising ways.
Game Play explores the collision of technology, theater, performance art, and video game culture by staging the collaborative work of performance and media artists across the digital spectrum.
Music in the Garden featuring So Percussion
Sunday, July 10, 2011 – 3:00pm
So Percussion (Eric Beach, Josh Quillen, Adam Sliwinski, and Jason Treuting) will join with Grey McMurray on guitar to perform work-in-progress excerpts from their next major theatrical work. A celebration of diversity, community, and collaboration, this project is an exploration of their outermost artistic boundaries, as well as a re-examination of comfort zones.
For more information about So Percussion, see www.sopercussion.com.
Music in the Garden is presented through partnership with Bang on a Can
Tickets & Info: http://www.axiscompany.org/mainstage.htm
Axis Company’s episodic play Hospital, about the interior life of a person in a terminal coma, is something of a signature for the company, which has produced a new installment of the drama nearly every year since 1997. Conceived, written and directed by Randy Sharp the show is a summer downtown phenomenon beloved for its balance of horror, humor, and weirdness. The company will present the 11th production in the series July 8 – August 20.
While most audience members return to see multiple, if not all four, parts of the summer’s production, each episode is a self-contained short play that can be seen in isolation. The brief premise film that begins each year’s production—depicting the event that brought on the coma—is shown at the beginning of each performance.
July 9 – August, 7, 2011.
Opening reception July 9, 2011; 7 – 10pm.
The Booklyn Art Gallery is pleased to present Hunter/Gatherer, featuring works by Evan Robarts, Jason Kachadourian, Jessica Williams, Jon Bocksel and Scott Meyers.
Hunter/Gatherer includes artists with the common practice of borrowing both aesthetic inspirations and found objects from their local surroundings. These artists accumulate visual, physical, and conceptual source material from everyday encounters and observations. They manipulate materials and appropriate techniques from discarded objects, sign-painting and murals, printed ephemera, and urban architecture. While each artist has their own unique approach to collecting and manipulating, their work evokes similar appreciations for the found and overlooked. With their work combined, Hunter/Gatherer creates a personal map of the city they share and the scenery they encounter. The viewer is confronted by these recognizable, yet often ignored images and encouraged to take a second look when walking down the street.
LA MACCHINA AMMAZZACATTIVI @ SPECTACLE
Sat, July 9: 5:00pm
Minor but pleasing Rossellini, set in a small town in Southern Italy thrown into a tizzy by the machinations of a mysterious old man. Saint or devil, he endows a camera with the power not merely to kill people, but to ferret out sources of wealth. Cue for a flurry of treachery and greed, all casually swept under the carpet in a final pirouette. The neo-realist techniques don’t always mix too comfortably with the fantasy, making it an Ealing comedy with an edifying bent.
“… anticipates with remarkable prescience the conceits of Godard and others about photography in the 60’s” — Jonathan Rosenbaum, Chicago Reader
DAY IN PICTURES
is saxophonist and clarinetist Matt Bauder’’s latest band. Downbeat Magazine described the recent debut album as “modern jazz of a half-century past, with an instrumetal line-up and compositions that echoes classic efforts from Prestige, Columbia and Blue Note catalogs with nary a whiff of condescencion or dabbling.” With Matt Bauder – Tenor Saxophone, Clarinet; Justin Walter – Trumpet; Kris Davis – Piano; Jason Ajemian – Bass and Chad Taylor – Drums.
July 9th, 2011, 5pm
376 9th St
Brooklyn, NY 11215
A ^ Odyssey! In which our heroes are buffeted by storms on the high seas of Kings County, lured by the sweet siren singers of East Williamsburg and menaced by Mayor Mike’s minotaurs, landing in a sweet loft space in Greenpoint on our way home. (READ MORE)
Valerie Kuehne/April Elizabeth Pierce.
New Compositions for poet and cellist.
Ken Silverman is bringing in a couple of poets, he tells me.
Brooklyn County Fair Summerfest DAY 2011 at Urban Meadow
Saturday, July 9
Show starts at 12:00
This seasonal festival is back with all new acts celebrating Brooklyn’s diverse country music scene. Whether you like country, bluegrass, Americana, cow-punk, or rockabilly, this is the scene for you!
SummerFest at Urban Meadow
12:00 – Dirt Floor Revue
12:30 – Mini Max Band
1:00 – Kamara Thomas
1:30 – Big Slyde
2:00 – The Newton Gang
2:30 – The Whiskey Boys
3:00 – I’ll Be John Brown
3:30 – Maynard and The Musties
4:00 – Jack Grace Band
4:30 – Ramblin’ Andy and The See Ya Laters
5:00 – Trailer Radio
5:30 – The Dustbusters
6:00 – Hans Chew
Sponsored by Sixpoint Craft Ales, Jalopy Theatre, BrooklynCountry.com
THEATER: Frazer Hines: The Time Traveling Scot
We are very excited to announce that the next Who York Event will feature one of the Doctor’s most popular companions: Mr. Frazer Hines!!!
Who York is delighted to welcome Frazer to New York City, to perform his one man show – “The Time Traveling Scot”. There will also be a short Q&A, hosted by Ken Deep, from Doctor Who Podshock,, an autograph session (see details below) and possibly a surprise or two – as I hope you have come to expect from our previous SOLD OUT Who York events!!!
We have room for around 100 people in total, and seating will be first come first served in this small theatre. Mingling will still be possible in the lounge at the theatre, and in the auditorium itself before and after the show, making this a more intimate event than most conventions you may have attended.
THE MEDICINE BAG @Maccarone Gallery.
Ken Vandermark, Steve Swell, Sean Conly and Chad Taylor @ THE STONE.
Los Lobos with Hello Seahorse! and Zigmat @ CELEBRATE BROOKLYN! @ Prospect Park Bandshell
BabySkinGlove’s Butoh Auction @Culture Fix.
E.S.P. TV at Silvershed @Sat. July 9, 8pm-12am
KAL SPELLETICH: Where’s My Jetpack?! @Jack Hanley.
Ted Leo + the Pharmacists, w/ Screaming Females! @Seaport Music Fest.
BOOGALOO W/SPANGLISH FLY @NUBLU.
COMING UP NEXT WEEK!
Excited to announce this one. Pablo Malaurie’s voice is of the angels, and he’s come all the way from Argentina to play for you. It’s going to be beautiful, and glorious, and fun. Pablo has been widely praised for his fusion style (South American and Japanese in some cases), opened for Devandra Banhart and recently was a part of Catalin Mitulescu’s film “Loverboy.” He’s making the rounds in NY for the next couple days and we’re really pleased to have him.
Come help support not only our effort to see Volume II of The 22 Magazine in PRINT but also witness the brainchild of Valerie Kuehne, i.e. Supercoda @ Cafe Orwell, the gorgeous spectacle that goes on nearly every night (when does Valerie sleep?!?) and allows you to witness sounds that are otherworldly and stunning. Now, please watch/listen to the gorgeous song below.
PS- This show will be also be one of the first opportunities to be part of The 22’s Artist’s Open Forum. Have a question, concern, or problem as an artist? This is where we can help. We’ll be passing out signup sheets allowing you to let us know what is concerning you as artists, writers, and musicians and will address those concerns in our next meeting or on the blog. More info about what this all about at the show.
FRIDAY: MAY 27th
(TOP video, Song: The Surface of the Ocean
Matt Lavelle: composition and alto clarinet
Jason Kao Hwang: viola
Lola Danza: vocals
Francois Grillot: bass
Recorded,mixed,and mastered by Francois Grillot
(BOTTOM video:The Local 269)
Friday May 27th, 8pm: François Grillot Contraband
Catherine Sikora – reeds
Roy Campbell – trumpet
Anders Nilsson – guitar
Daniel Levin – cello
François Grillot – bass and compositions
Jay Rosen – drums
Rhythm in the Kitchen Music Festival @
The Church of All Nations 410 West 57th Street, $10
PAINT IT NOW @FOWLER ARTS COLLECTIVE.
MAY 27 – JULY 6, 2011
OPENING RECEPTION: FRIDAY, MAY 27 FROM 7 TO 10PM
The ever-changing arena of contemporary art presents endless challenges for those who find themselves caught in its currents. From white cube gallery exhibits to brick wall paste-ups and graffiti, the push and pull of what is important, relevant, or dismissible can be both distracting and empowering. (READ MORE.)
Show 1 (Friday, 5/27. 9-midnight) : Mamie Minch, Eliza Rickman (LA), Anomylos @CAFE ORWELL.
As devilishly funny, irrepressible and irreverent as the former Roulette Sisters frontwoman is live, a lot of this album is rivetingly dark. Minch’s solo debut is a sparse, terse collection of both original and classic acoustic blues songs, several of them imbued with Minch’s signature wit, but it also shows off an altogether different side of her writing. As any good blueswoman knows, the blues can pack a mighty emotional wallop, and Minch sings with an unflinching honesty, even anguish in places. Minch’s soulful, passionate alto voice resounds over old-school instrumentation.
http://www.myspace.com/elizarickman = Toy Pianist Extraordinaire
FRIDAY MAY 27 / 10PM
Come celebrate the end of another season at the Poetry Project! The Poets’ Potluck is an opportunity for New York City’s poetry community(ies) to come together for an evening of readings, performances, and delicious food. An array of writers from the Poetry Project series as well as other local reading series will read/perform their work. Any one interested in bringing a dish for the potluck will contribute to an amazing feast. If you’re interested in bringing food, please email Brett Price at firstname.lastname@example.org.
VIDEOROVER: Season II
Curated by: Rachel Steinberg
May 27 – Dec 17, 2011
Opening Reception: Friday, May 27, 7-9 PM
Screening begins at 8 PM
910 Grand St
NURTUREart Non-Profit is pleased to present VIDEOROVER: Season II, the second installment of its semi-annual video series. VIDEOROVER: Season II is curated by Rachel Steinberg and features artists: Fatima Al Qadiri and Lyndsy Welgos, Cecilia Bonilla, Juan Pablo Echeverri, Derek Larson, Dana Levy, Pernille With Madsen, Colin Snapp, and JULIACKS.
VIDEOROVER seeks to present a wide range of works from artists locally and internationally who are all working to expand the perceptual limitations of video. This season’s selection aims to disorient viewers by removing an essential reality context, only to redeposit them into seemingly familiar settings.
Dana Levy, Fatima Al Qadiri and Lyndsy Welgos explore the pluralism of eastern and western conventions by looking at traditions through a contemporary perspective. Cecilia Bonilla examines our relationships to the seductive nature of commercial images of women through minimal manipulation, while Juan Pablo Echeverri shows us a self-projected fantasy of mass-produced femininity. Colin Snapp acts as a ‘journalist’ of sorts, documenting moments of real-time, but relieving the viewer of imposed intentions. Pernille With Madsen dizzies and disorients us with a vision of how to imagine architectural surroundings. Derek Larson’s playful experimentations extend through other worldly humor while JULIACKS’ narrative pulls back and forth between a character’s inner psyche and external world. (READ MORE.)
CLOSING PARTY! OLEK’s Knitting is for Pus****
Friday May 27 6-9pm
See “Knitting is for Pus****” for the last time (in NYC) and like never before… with a **SPECIAL BLACK LIGHT PRESENTATION!**
On Friday May 27th, 2011 Christopher Henry Gallery NYC will host a Closing Party for Celebrity Artist OLEK. Olek’s acclaimed installation “Knitting is for Pus****” has created a total sensation since it 1st opened back in September 2010. It traveled to SCOPE MIAMI, and was extended repeatedly due to pop…ular demand and endless press requests… next it will be highlighted in a traveling museum show called “40 Under 40″ opening at The SMITHSONIAN Museum in 2012!
Two terrific improvisers are on tour and will be performing one night in NYC , Joe Burgio and Andrew Eisenberg, two of Boston’s most creative and strongest performers.
Carol Liebowitz (pno)
Adam Caine (gtr)
Claire DeBrunner (bsn)
Ratzo Harris (bs)
Joe Burgio (movement/dance)
Andrew Eisenberg (percussion/found objects)
Chris Welcome (gtr)
Shayna Dulberger (b)
Elliot Levin (sx)
Tom Zlabinger (b)
John Wagner (dr)
Take the 61 bus to Ryerson from jay street the AC and F trains transfer at jay street. The 54 bus is also a good option. You would take it to the bus stop b/t ryerson and grand. the subways that transfer are the 2 and 3 at Hoyt St as Well as the BMQR at Dekalb ave. Also the L train takes you to the 61 bus at N 6 and Driggs. You Could also take the G Train to Classon.
We’ll have cheap beer! Shayna might make Baklava!
SATURDAY: MAY 28th
Pub(l)ic Identities: Reading Medical Representations of Sex
“It’s a girl!” “It’s a boy!”… The genitals, those body parts conventionally expected to remain most hidden, are also the first and most powerful shapers of our public identity. In this illustrated talk, medical artist Shelley Wall considers how sexual anatomy, gendered bodies, and dimorphic sex have been represented in the visual discourse of medicine. From early anatomical atlases through to present-day clinical illustrations and the Visible Human datasets, medical imagery has influenced ideas about sexual identity and what it means to be “normal”.
Through 25 June 2011
540 W. 26th Street, Chelsea
In Nocturnes, Bickerton’s third solo exhibition at Lehmann Maupin, the artist revisits mankind’s antithetical attraction and repulsion to the grotesque, exotic, and sexual. Whereas previous works depicted abundant worlds of health, happiness, family, and cohesion, Bickerton has become disillusioned with the brilliance and wholesomeness that colored these preceding works, now drawing inspiration from the phrase ‘twisting and flapping in the neon wilderness’. For more information and to view images from the the exhibition,Click here
Show 2 (Saturday, May 28th 9-midnight): Nick Lyons Trio, Yoni Kretzmer Double Bass Quartet (Yoni Kretzmer/Ruben Radding/Sean Conly/Mike Pride), Jessie Nelson Trio (Jessie Nelson/Todd Martino/Conner Martinez)
THE FITTING ROOM
25 MAY – 25 JUNE, 2011
MAY 14 – JULY 10
Curated by Steven and William. This exhibition is part of PLUS ONE CURATION SERIES
Works by: Chris Astley, Carlton DeWoody, Ethan Long, Steven and William, Suzanne Sattler, Chris Dunbar, Antonia Wright, Ruben Millares, Wayne Adams, Paul Bloodgood, Sally French, Allyn Bromley, Stephen Freedman, Deborah Nehmad, Evan Ryer, Michael Joaquin Grey, Project Lab @ PS58, Aaron Padilla, John Silvis, Anne Pearce, Andrew Zuckerman, Jennifer Mills, Robin Kang, Ian Trask. Artists Bios here
Through The Warp @REGINA REX
5/28/2011 – 6/19/2011
Through a variety of processes connected to the act of weaving, Through The Warp presents seven different approaches to the same overarching structure—material building upon material via linear repetition and overlap. From woven fibers and pigments to language and pixels, artistsJoell Baxter, Karl Erickson, John Houck, Beryl Korot, Jamisen Ogg, Mike Paré and Lawrence Weiner engage with this ancient framework in ways that warp prior perceptions of familiar structures, or even put forth a new language altogether. (READ MORE.)
SUNDAY: MAY 29th
Class: Mummification @OBSERVATORY
Date: Sunday, May 29th (sold out, but see newly added class info here)
Time: 1-4 PM
*** Must RSVP to morbidanatomy [at] gmail.com in order to attend this class; Class size limited to 15 people
In today’s class, learn the mummification process as described in the “Egyptian Book of the Dead” (Book of Coming Forth By Day). Instructor Sorceress Cagliastro will guide students in the use of the traditional materials–such as natron salts, canopic jars, oils and herbs, dried flowers and linen or gauze wraps–and traditional ritual–such as ritual of the opening of the mouth–in the creation of an authentic and perfectly respected animal mummy. Each student will leave class with an animal mummy of their own making. (READ MORE.)
Sunday, May 29th, from 6-1030, Papacookie Hosts a Special Super Coda Soundproofing Benefit Wonderful Show Time Vegetarian Potluck, Festively. Featuring:
The Red Light New Music Collective – http://www.redlightnewmusic.org/
Sxip Shirey – http://www.sxipshirey.com/
Dream Zoo (Valerie Kuehne/Lucio Menegon/Jeff Young/Sean Ali)
Jonathan Wood Vincent – http://www.reverbnation.com/jonathanwoodvincent
Papacookie is a private residence apartment fantasy world atop the Upper West Side. Here’s the address:
201 W. 86th st. The Belnord
Apt. 806 (tell the doorman you are here to see Jonathan Vincent)
Non-flesh potluck at 6
Exquisite Music to begin at 7.
We will be asking everyone for donations. This show is a fundraiser to soundproof Cafe Orwell so the Super Coda may continue.
Here’s the Kickstarter campaign we’ve been running so you know what I am talking about –http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/827158541/keep-the-super-coda-living-through-creative-soundp
Jim Sullivan at Nancy Hoffman Gallery
May 26-July 1, 2011
The next exhibition at Nancy Hoffman Gallery will be new graphite drawings of trees by Jim Sullivan, opening on May 26th and continuing through July 1st. This is the artist’s
first solo show in six years, and reveals a new vista onto nature. His last show included a series of horizontal landscapes, wide cinematic views into invented
detailed oriented oils. The artist delighted in painting myriad details. These were obsessive paintings,
and as the artist says: “The new drawings, the work of the past five years, present the same viewing issues
as the long landscapes, in that they have normal viewing distance but offer a close scrutinizing experience
(of infinite detail) on closer examination.”